What is Asthma?

Asthma is a long-term chronic lung disease in which the lungs’ bronchial tubes, or airways, become inflamed. The inflammation causes the respiratory tracts to become hypersensitive to environmental triggers, such as dust, smoke, pet dander, or cold air. In such a reaction to these triggers, an asthma attack occurs. The muscles around the bronchial tubes tighten, the lining of the airways becomes inflamed, and the respiratory tracts overproduce mucus; overproduction of mucus makes it difficult to breathe. To know more, keep reading about Asthma and to avoid the complications linked to the condition.

SYMPTOMS OF ASTHMA

Do you cough, sneeze, or have wheezing and chest pain? If these symptoms seem familiar, then, unfortunately, it might be Asthma, which is a chronic disease that inflames the respiratory tract( bronchial tubes) that carry air in and out of the lungs. If you are triggered with asthma symptoms, the membrane lining your airways swell, the muscles around the tubes shrink, and the airways are filled with mucus. As these tubes narrow it becomes more problematic to breath, causing symptoms such as wheezing and coughing, congestion, shortness of breath, and chest tightness or pain. If you have been triggered with Asthma, then performing daily chores can be strenuous, and it may take longer in order to recover from a respiratory infection, such as a cold or flu.

TREATMENT AND MEDICATION OPTIONS FOR ASTHMA

According to the researchers and doctors, there is no cure for Asthma, but you can relieve and prevent your symptoms through quick – relief and ling – term monitored medication. Long term control medication works to reduce inflammation to make your airways less susceptible during asthma attacks. The medicines should be taken mandatorily on a daily basis, and an inhaler should be kept handy. Quick-relief medicines help to relieve symptoms when they happen, relaxing the tight muscles around your respiratory tracks and alleviating the flow of air.

Most asthma medications are taken in the form of inhalers or nebulizers. There are two main types of the inhaler; a metered-dose inhaler (MDI), which uses a pressurized medicine – filled canister, and a dry powder inhaler (DPI), it contains medicine in the form of powder. A nebulizer is something that uses a mask and delivers medication as mist.

There are few evidence-backed natural treatments for Asthma, particularly if your case is severe. But lifestyle changes, like having control of stress, and some complementary therapies, like acupuncture, may help cope with symptoms.