Psoriasis is caused by an autoimmune disease that causes plaques that are itchy or sore patches of thick, red, dry skin. Whilst many parts of the body can be affected, Psoriasis plaques most often develop on the elbow, knees, scalp, back, face, palms, and feet. Psoriasis may occur when one’s immune system is flooded with germs, and then it begins to attack healthy cells instead.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSORIASIS

The symptoms of Psoriasis plaques can range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to a major outbreak that covers large areas. The disease’s symptoms and appearance may differ according to the type and severity of Psoriasis. Some of the symptoms may include:

  • Red patches or raised plaques of skin that are covered with silvery scales
  • Dry or cracked skin that bleeds
  • Burning, itching, or soreness near the affected areas
  • Pitted or thickened fingernails or toenails
  • Swollen joints

CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS OF PSORIASIS

Psoriasis, in general, is a genetic condition that is passed down through families. It is probable that multiple genes need to be affected to allow Psoriasis to occur and that it’s frequently triggered by an external event, such as infection. Certain risk factors, such as a family history or being obese, may increase your odds of developing Psoriasis.

The Psoriasis flares may be proved by:

  • Stress
  • Cold weather
  • Dry Skin
  • Vaccinations
  • Beta – Blockers and Lithium
  • Smoking
  • Diet
  • Alcohol

TREATMENT AND MEDICATION OPTIONS FOR PSORIASIS

There is no cure for Psoriasis; there are effective options for treating it. Consult your doctor about the benefits, risks, and side effects of any therapies you intend to use.

  •       Topicals: Prescription and over the counter (OTC) treatments that are applied directly to the skin can minimize symptoms of Psoriasis. These therapies contain different active ingredients and come as lotions, creams, shampoos, gels, sprays, or ointments.
  •       Biologics: Biologic drugs alter the immune system and are usually given as an injection. They include Enbrel (etanercept), Remicade (infliximab), Humira (adalimumab), Stelara (ustekinumab), Simponi (golimumab), Cosentyx (secukinumab), Taltz (ixekizumab), brodalumab, tildrakizumab, and Skyrizi (risankizumab).

Otezla (apremilast): This is a medicine that comes as a pill and works by suppressing an enzyme that’s immersed in inflammation.

LIGHT THERAPY

Light therapy includes exposing your skin to the controlled amounts of natural and artificial ultraviolet lights to help reduce symptoms of Psoriasis.