A migraine is a type of headache that causes an intense thumping sensation, and it happens only in one area of the head. The headache may also be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. In general, migraine is a very painful headache that can interfere with your daily life. Your head may start bursting with pain all off sudden or be prompted by certain known triggers. The good news is that migraine has treatments that can help you manage the discomfort.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE

The symptoms of migraines depend on the type of migraine, and they are as follows. What separates migraines from severe tension headaches is that they tend to involve stages. They are differentiated into four stages

  • Prodrome, or the warning stage
  • Aura stage
  • Headache
  • Postdrome, or the “hangover” stage

 

CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS OF MIGRAINES

The exact cause of migraines still remains unknown. And according to the researchers, genetic and environmental factors may play a role. Studies have linked changes in the brain stem and the trigeminal nerve, which mediates pain, to migraines. Depression and anxiety have long been associated with migraine – depression triggers 25 % of migraine patients, and 50% percent who are suffering from anxiety.

Here are a few risk factors that were identified by researchers for developing migraine

Heredity: According to the Migraine Research Foundation in New York City reports that approximately 90% who are suffering from migraines have a family history of the condition.

Age: People who suffer from migraines typically experience their first symptoms during adolescence. And most of the people who have migraines have their first attack before they reach ag 40.

Gender: During childhood, migraines typically affect boys more than girls, but this trend is reversed during adolescence. In adulthood, women are much likely prone to migraines than men. It seems that hormonal changes, specifically involving estrogen, play a role.

 

TREATMENT AND MEDICATION OPTIONS FOR MIGRAINES

As for now, there is no cure for migraines, but there have been recent advances in treatment.

Medication treatment options are two-fold: Drugs that work to alleviate symptoms once a headache has started and medications that prevent a headache from happening or reduce its frequency and severity. The first category, known as an acute treatment that includes over the counter pain relievers and prescription medications called triptans. Here are the three drugs Aimovig (erenumab), Ajovy (fremanezumab – vfrm), and Emgality (galcanezumab – gnlm) can be taken prophylactically to lower the frequency of migraines. And injections of Botox every 12 weeks may also help in preventing migraines in some people.